Plexiform Neurofibromas Formation & Causes

Plexiform NeurofibromaIn this post we are going to give you an insight of Plexiform Neurofibromas. You will not only know about them but will also understand how they are form and the basic or root causes responsible for their formation.

plexiform neurofibroma

 What Are Plexiform Neurofibromas?

Plexiform neurofibromas are categorized as tumors that basically grow along nerves.

And this is how they are called by this name. If you look at the title Plexiform Neurofibromas, you will come about the name 'neuro' which means nerves and 'fibroma' happens to be type of tumor.

The peculiar thing about them is that their growth involves nerve tissues along with many other different types of cells. These are generally form either right under the skin or deep inside the body.

Medically, Plexiform neurofibromas are categorized as benign tumors having the capacity to take cancerous shape. When they become cancerous, medical practitioners call them malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumors (MPNST).

Here you need to acquire some knowledge how they actually form so that you can better analyze them and give crucial insights to your doctor.


Where Do Plexiform Neurofibromas Form?

Please note that Plexiform Neurofibromas form or grow both inside or outside of the body including:


Chest or back

Legs and Arms


Face, often around the eye


In addition to this, these tumors can also form inside the body or on body organs. Those places where Plexiform Neurofibromas do not grow include the spinal cord and brain.

Please note that such tumors inside the body are most commonly noted by undergoing some imaging tests. These tests include magnetic resonance image (MRI) and others.

After plexiform tumors start growing at any part of the body, they start making the nerve thicker. There are times when certain clusters of them pop up along the nerve.

They also have the capacity to grow on single nerve or on the bundles of nerves. They can also grow both on large and small nerves as well.

In addition to this, Plexiform neurofibromas are also known to weave themselves into normal tissues after they grow to a certain area. And this makes them hard to remove even with surgeries.


Who Are Affected With Plexiform Neurofibromas?

You might be interested to know who all are affected with them. Please note that Neurofibromas affect people having neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1) which is a condition causing tumors to grow along with nerves.

In most cases, a change in a gene causes changes in NF1. It's observed that around half of the time, a parent passes that faulty gene to their child. While at other time, the gene change continues to happen on its own and is not seen running in the family.

It's seen that a majority of time when children having plexiform tumors are born with them. There are times when such tumors don't cause any problem for several years.


Why Do They Grow So Large?

Plexiform neurofibroma tumors often form early in life. In other words,  they are already there at the time of th birth. They first start out as a kind of soft lump under the skin. Afterwards, the tumor itself grows longer as the age advances.

And so, the tumor keeps growing as the child becomes older. In most cases, they grow very slowly. If there is a fast growth, it can be a sign that it has changed or transformed into cancer.

There are cases where it has seen that plexiform neurofibromas become so large that they start pressing underlying bones and even damage them including muscles, skin and organs.

The above damage can effectively cause pain, trouble moving. high blood pressure, hearing loss and some other symptoms.

It's seen that an injury sometimes makes these tumors grow at a faster pace. It's seen that Plexiform neurofibroma may suddenly swell up, especially if the injury specifically damages the blood vessels surrounding the area.


What Do They Look and Feel Like?

Initially, Plexiform neurofibroma look like normal lump or mass under the skin. Due to such a skin cover, it gives a feeling of pressure. Also, the skin around them appears darker. The lump also gets a feeling like a bundle of thick cords or knots.

It's also been noticed that Plexiform neurofibromas comprise a type of cell that releases histamine. It's a chemical found in the body responsible to cause itching.

It's the same chemical that causes other problems att he time of an allergic reaction to pollen or any other allergens. This is one reason why plexiform neurofibromas cause itching.

When plexiform neurofibromas grow over the time, they may even hurt. It's because they tend to press the adjoining muscles, bones and organs. They may also take the cancerous shape as well.

The best way to deal with them is to get in touch with your doctor when you see such a kind of growth under the skin or after the arrival of any other symptom. 


Also Read: Ohio Mesothelioma Lawyers, How to File A Claim?




Post a Comment