Lung Cancer Is On The Rise In Women Too: Study
Lung Cancer Among Women: As per a recent study done in this regard by National Cancer Registry Programme (NCRP) of the Indian Council of Medical Research, there are more lung cancer victims in India and the number is growing.
The research says that the AAR (age-adjusted rate) of 11.6 cases per 100,000 population in 1988 has risen to 13.9 cases per 100,000 population in 2009.
As you can see, it's another form of dreaded cancer found among men in the capital city, with an AAR of 13.9 cases per 100,000 people, while women have an AAR of 4.2 cases per 100,000 population.
But in women, the above rate or incidence of AAR happened to be 2.6 cases per 100,000 in the year 1988. And the figures have drastically grown up to 4.2 cases per 100,000 in 2009.
Dr. Anil Kumar Anand, who's the senior director and the head of department of oncology, Fortis Memorial Research Institute, Gurugram explains, "While the total incidence of lung cancer is increasing, it is more noticeable in women than in men. Lung cancer incidence has increased by 61.5 percent in women over a 21-year period, compared to 20 percent in men. In men, 70% of patients are smokers and 30% are non-smokers, but in women, a stunning 82 percent of patients are non-smokers. It's concerning that the incidence of lung cancer is rapidly increasing in women, despite the fact that the vast majority of women were never smokers," he says.
Possible Factors of Rise in the Cases of Lung Cancer Among Women
Due to the increased number of smoking by women in the west, the chances of lung cancer has increased up to many folds. But this is not the case in India as the key contributors to cause lung cancer happen to be environmental pollution.
Another reason to cause lung cancer is because of large soot particles found in the environment having a capability to infiltrate deep into the lungs, especially when people use inefficient cooking fuels like kerosene oil and wood. Due to the close proximity of the above, the amount of air pollution generated becomes quite harmful.
Due to the poor ventilation in kitchen along with the use of traditional stoves like Chulha using wood or cow dung as fuels among women residing in rural areas, have become the reason to become the cause of this dreaded for of the disease among women.
It's been found that indoor air pollution happens to be the major contributor to lung cancer. It happens due to the fact that women have to spend longer in poor ventilated kitchen. All these factors become operational when combined.
In spite of the increased awareness among people for the lesser use of outside pollution, women are still becoming victims. So, in order to combat air pollution, you need to acquire somewhat knowledge of indoor pollution, especially in your kitchen. At the same time you also need to think for the replacement of chulha cooking with LPG gas.
In the same way, both the outdoor and interior pollution have been found to be the major cause of of lung cancer among women in India. And this is on the rise among highly polluted cities in India.
Take Care Of Your Mental Health
Cancer not only influence your physical health, it can also devastate you mentally as well. You might have noted down suicidal cases of cancer patients as they become irresistible with the disease.
This is what Dr Vasanth R, Psychiatry, Fortis has to say on this, "While the pre-pandemic scenario was frightening enough, how terrifying would the post-pandemic scenario be?"
"Mental status is influenced by factors such as the existence of pain, awareness of the diagnosis, and understanding of the illness. Suicidal ideation may also be influenced by inadequate pain control and medication,” he adds.
"A study found that cancer patients are three times as likely than the overall population to die by suicide. Suicidal thoughts are also common among prostate, bladder, and kidney cancer patients. Many cancer patients in India die without even realizing they have depression," says Dr. Vasanth.